Every year, when Kenya Certificate Secondary Education results are out, we get mixed reactions. Some are celebrating. Others are miserable. Others are not sure where they truly stand. Heart-moving stories of learners who overcame great personal odds and emerged victorious splash the media.
Last year, part of the media reports said that one out of every four candidates who sat Form Four national examination did not get grades to qualify them to enter a ‘professional course’. It went on to say that out of the over 500,000 candidates who sat the exam, over 120,000 scored grade ‘D’ and below! Career experts now beg the question; does that mean that blue color jobs are not professions? If I am an electrician, one would ask, am I not a professional? What are professions? The online Cambridge dictionary describes a profession as ‘any type of work that needs special training or a particular skill, often one that is respected because it involves a high level of education.” To experts, every career is a calling!
Interestingly, confusion about career paths to follow does not know grades. Those with A’s, B, C, D, E always find themselves in the same crossroad; which way do I follow! Susan Too was elated when she got an A-. I listened as every member of her family and every friend advised her on the career path to follow each giving their very good reasons for their choice. The uncle said; “which other career can you follow with such grades apart from medicine?” The dad said engineering, the mother wanted to have a lawyer for a daughter, her best friend thought Actuarial sciences sounded cool! I asked her, “and what course do you wish to pursue Susan?” And she said, “I don’t know any more!”
For Susan and thousands of Kenyans in her shoes, the question still begs; how will they determine what careers they should pursue? Career decisions are based on evidence of abilities, interests, skills, personality and values and yet, our education system only measures ‘success’ using academic performance. Whatever the grade scored, all students must be assisted in choosing their careers so that they are compelled to study courses that align with the careers they seek to pursue and what suits them.
Industrial Psychologist John Holland conducted a research to find out why some people were so motivated at work, while others were very dissatisfied. Holland’s study led him to understand the connection between interests and motivation in the workplace. He developed the theory of career choices that stated that a match between interests and work tasks led to motivation, satisfaction and better performance. A mismatch between interests and work tasks led to DE-motivation, DE-satisfaction and poor performance.
For many years, scientists have studied how motivation affects productivity. In studies involving children, college students and working people, it has been discovered that people are more strongly intrinsically motivated when driven by interest, enjoyment, satisfaction and a sense of personal challenge in the work they do.
Like Gardner’s and Holland’s theory, some people are fascinated by mysteries and beauty; others love enjoying investigative documentaries and understanding how for example aviation accidents happen, how seemingly simple processes and procedures overlooked can cause great havoc, how forensic science is used to solve long forgotten murder cases, how wildebeests strategize themselves so as to cross crocodile infested rivers and how a house can be completely changed and renovated through creative use of color and space. The list can go on and on.
An objective way to find out your interest area is to use a scientific interest assessment known as a psychometric test. Doing a psychometric test can be beneficial to one’s career and selection of university/colleges as it helps you know your motivation, strengths and weaknesses and hence identify a career that best suit you.
A psychometric test will ask you questions about your preferences and give you a list of careers you might like. Since psychometric tests match your natural behavior and motivation to a career that suits you, it is instrumental in helping you make career choices that bring lasting fulfillment. See www.discoveryourcareer.co.ke
Students set to join university and tertiary colleges could gain a lot from doing the test in their endeavor to discover what kind of career best suits them. The test will reveal to them careers that are suitable for them so that they know what courses to focus their attention and resources in order to realize their ambitions. Given the high number of people changing careers midstream, the importance of such a test in charting one’s future professional field cannot be overemphasized.
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By Margaret Waithaka-DYC Executive Director